Cano Cristales or Crystal River of five colors, as it is called by the locals is located in Serrania de La Macarena, Colombia. Crystal River of five colors, starts at the southern mountain chain Macarena, and flows eastward to its confluence with the river Guayabero. We can see five colors : yellow, blue, green, black and red. All of them are a waste product of many algae, and depending on the season, color saturation changes.
The water is so clean that the bottom can be seen, but the fish doesn’t live here because of the unique characteristics of the channel.
The sun in the summer dries out the plant, called Macarenia Clavijera, and the river becomes red.
Yellow, black, turquoise and green color also appears due to different algae.
When the colors occur in the hot season, the river is opened for tourists, from June to November.
If you have chance to see it, you will be amazed by the imagination and creation of mother nature. CaÃ±o Cristales, truly unique place on planet Earth.
River CaÃ±o Cristales known as “the most beautiful river in the world”.
To get to it, you will need a plane from Vilvisensio to Macarena, then jump in the boat, and finally, walk on wild paths.
Cristales takes place in the jungle, its length is less than 100 kilometers and width is 20 meters, which is why it is not very big, especially compared to Amazon.
CaÃ±o Cristales is a like a rainbow or fireworks, dominated by shades of red, yellow, blue and green.
Long strings of purple, red, pink, and when it’s less sunny, green algae, called clavija macarinence, which grow only here, cover the bottom of the bright soft carpet, wriggling under the pressure of water.
Around the river is National Park CaÃ±o Cristales.
In deeper areas the natural deepening creates colorful round wells – “moyyas”.
Unusual place calms you and give you peaceful thoughts.
Recent studies done by local naturalists, showed that the water in the river is so clean, that is practically distilled.
In the river there is no salt and minerals, so it is not drinkable.
Because of the rain and mountain oxygenates, water and rocky bottom do not contain any mud, so there are practically no other underwater vegetation. Fish is just not there, except unpretentious little fish.
Also here you can walk in step cascade, called the “ladder”, where the sparkling wall of water hides caves and cliffs, home of nesting bats.
Bizarre flat stones, the dark caves – Mohan, hiding from people, the great treasures – CaÃ±o Cristales.
The Indians lived here long before the Spaniards, it’s the symbol of “lower world” – the world’s water, night, the feminine, the mother’s womb, the mysteries associated with the birth.
In winter and spring you cannot go to the shore “crystal river” – Natural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO commits to take extreme measures of security and protection of it.
Age of Macarena mountain is about 1.2 million years.
It is the western extension of the “Guyana Shield of Venezuela”, the mountain ridge that crosses Guyana and Brazil and is considered to be the oldest on the planet.
There are other rivers with red algae, for example Siete Machos in the winter. These algae firmly stick to the rocks, where the flow of the river is fastest.
View on the river from the air.
Macarena mountain area is considered as “the seed of biodiversity” by scientists. It has existed since the formation of the Andes and since then, according to experts, distributes this species in this area.